Joint pain is a common condition with many different possible causes – but it is often a result of arthritis or injury. It might also be caused by simple things like running, intense exercising or overdoing while gardening. Finding out the exact cause of your joint pain is a vital part of getting an appropriate treatment. Maintaining a positive mindset and working on your abilities and strengths can also help you keep up day-to-day activities that are critical to you while managing joint pain to a minimum. Here is the list of 10 common reasons why your joints hurt.

1. Osteoarthritis

In the elderly, joint pain that gets gradually more intense is generally a symptom of osteoarthritis, which is the most common form of arthritis. It could affect just one joint, or many. Osteoarthritis usually impacts the large “weight-holding” joints in the knees and hips. It causes stiffness and pain because it damages the protective shield of the bones (known as cartilage) and lead to mild inflammation of the tissues around the joint. Sometimes, it may affect younger people too, particularly those who’re obese or individuals who’ve had severe injury to the joint in the recent past.

2. Overuse

Pain in a joint can also be a result of excessive use of the joint, for example, doing one particular activity repetitively for a long time. Simple day-to-day actions, like throwing a ball, jogging or scrubbing up a floor may result in this condition. Sometimes this causes joint irritation and pain, and occasionally bursitis. The bursa (small pocket-like structure acts as cushion between bone joints), usually helps in decreasing friction between the moving parts of the body, but can be painful with excessive use. Joint pain slowly builds up because of tiny tears in the tissues. When your body is not able to repair these small tears as quickly as they’re being made, irritation and pain occurs in the joint.

3. Infections

If viruses or bacteria enter into the joint space, they’ll trigger an immune response in the affected region leading to swelling and pain in the joints. Bacterial infections can cause serious pain and inflammation only in one joint, since the infection is commonly localized. Viruses, primarily hepatitis C and B, parvovirus and HIV, can harm single joints but also could cause a generalized response that affects bone joints all over your body. Arthritis associated with infections usually curbs when the infection is treated correctly.

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